Exploring differences in quality of life in clinical populations of depressed outpatients with and without personality disorders

Marit Kool*, Lotte H. J. M. Lemmens, Puck Hartog, Rien Van, Matthijs Blankers, Jaap Peen, Suzanne C. van Bronswijk, Jack J. M. Dekker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

133 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Although depression and personality disorders (PDs) often co-occur, less is known about the impact of PDs on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with depression. This study explores the differences in HRQOL of depressed patients with and without PD.

Methods: Baseline data of 397 patients with depression from two randomised controlled trials were used for this analysis. HRQOL was measured with the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D). Differences were examined between three groups: patients with 1) depression-only, 2) depression and comorbid PD and 3) PD and comorbid depression. The EQ-5D scores of the groups were compared with linear regression.

Results: HRQOL scores were lower in the depression-only group than the depression + PD group, even though depression severity was higher in patients with PD. HRQOL in the PD +/- depression group did not differ from the other groups. In addition, no associations were found between the type or severity of PD and HRQOL. Discussion: These findings could indicate that patients with PD are less affected by the impact of depression on HRQOL. In addition, the EQ-5D might not adequately capture the impact of PD on quality of life. Further research is needed to compare the EQ-5D with quality of life instruments that include more life domains.

Limitations: Two study samples are combined, and therefore not designed to compare the three groups directly. Generalisation of the results should be done with caution.

Conclusion: Depressed patients with PD report higher HRQOL than depression-only patients. Although higher HRQOL, patients with PD report more severe depressions than depressed-only patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1125-1131
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021


  • Quality of life
  • Health related quality of life
  • Depression
  • Personality disorders

Cite this