Employment outcomes and job satisfaction of international public health professionals: What lessons for public health and COVID-19 pandemic preparedness? Employment outcomes of public health graduates

Goel Trevino-Reyna*, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Sharmi Haque, Christine M. Plepys, Laura Magana, John Middleton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The profile of public health professionals (PHPs) and COVID-19 preparedness is assessed against the employment outcomes (EO), precarious employment (PE), and job satisfaction (JS) of the European Public Health Master programme alumni. The study is descriptive, cross-sectional, conducted from May-October 2020. A survey was developed to assess the EO, PE and JS. Participants were recruited by email. SPSS statistics 26 version was used to perform descriptive analysis. A total of 189 PHPs participated (65% response) with majority women (66%), the mean age was 36 years. Participants were employed (80%), in non-governmental organisations (20%), and academia (19%). Common employment positions were managerial (37%) and consultancy (18%). Majority of PHPs were exposed to PE (81%), the most frequent elements were 'temporary employment' (54%), and 'the lack of labour union' (53%). The JS of PHPs was 'satisfied'. A blend of scientific public health knowledge and interpersonal competencies, reforms in current employment conditions, development of professional entities to safeguard PHPs' rights, and continuous investment in public health is necessary for PHPs to strengthen COVID-19 pandemic preparedness. Furthermore, monitoring and evaluation of EO and JS are crucial to prepare PHPs according to the needs of the employment market and to be aware of PHPs' needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-150
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Health Planning and Management
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • COVID-19 pandemic preparedness
  • employment outcomes
  • job satisfaction
  • public health graduates
  • public health workforce

Cite this