Emerging challenges to long-term peace and security in Mozambique

Ayokunu Adedokun

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

Mozambique's transition from civil war to peace is often considered among the most successful implementations of a peace agreement in the post-Cold War era. Following the signing of the 1992 Rome General Peace Accords (GPA), the country has not experienced any large-scale recurrence of war. Instead, Mozambique has made impressive progress in economic growth, poverty reduction, improved security, regional cooperation and post-war democratisation. Mozambique has also made significant strides in the provision of primary healthcare, and steady progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Notwithstanding these stellar achievements, Mozambique still faces a large number of political, social and economic problems: poverty, unemployment, natural resource boom, increasing political exclusion, dependence on foreign aid, and low access to social and economic services and facilities. This paper unpacks these challenges and the implications for Mozambique's long-term peace and security.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherUNU-MERIT working papers
Volume2017
Edition015
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2017

JEL classifications

  • d72 - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
  • d74 - "Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances"
  • f52 - "National Security; Economic Nationalism"
  • n47 - "Economic History: Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation: Africa; Oceania"
  • o55 - Economywide Country Studies: Africa

Keywords

  • Peacebuilding
  • Poverty
  • Political Exclusion
  • Security Sector Reform
  • Mozambique
  • Natural Resource Boom

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