Effect of growth hormone treatment on energy expenditure and its relation to first-year growth response in children

Saartje Straetemans*, D. A. Schott, Guy Plasqui, Hilde Dotremont, Angele J. G. M. Gerver-Jansen, An Verrijken, Klaas Westerterp, Luc J. I. Zimmermann, Willem-Jan M. Gerver

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

PurposeThe effects of growth hormone (GH) treatment on linear growth and body composition have been studied extensively. Little is known about the GH effect on energy expenditure (EE). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of GH treatment on EE in children, and to study whether the changes in EE can predict the height gain after 1year.MethodsTotal EE (TEE), basal metabolic rate (BMR), and physical activity level (PAL) measurements before and after 6 weeks of GH treatment were performed in 18 prepubertal children (5 girls, 13 boys) born small for gestational age (n=14) or with growth hormone deficiency (n=4) who were eligible for GH treatment. TEE was measured with the doubly labelled water method, BMR was measured with an open-circuit ventilated hood system, PAL was assessed using an accelerometer for movement registration and calculated (PAL=TEE/BMR), activity related EE (AEE) was calculated [AEE=(0.9xTEE)-BMR]. Height measurements at start and after 1year of GH treatment were analysed. This is a 1-year longitudinal intervention study, without a control group for comparison.ResultsBMR and TEE increased significantly (resp. 5% and 7%). Physical activity (counts/day), PAL, and AEE did not change. 11 out of 13 patients (85%) with an increased TEE after 6 weeks of GH treatment had a good first-year growth response (height SDS>0.5).ConclusionsGH treatment showed a positive effect on EE in prepubertal children after 6 weeks. No effect on physical activity was observed. The increase in TEE appeared to be valuable for the prediction of good first-year growth responders to GH treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-418
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume119
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Energy expenditure
  • Body composition
  • Metabolism
  • Growth hormone treatment
  • Children
  • First-year growth response
  • DOUBLY-LABELED WATER
  • BASAL METABOLIC-RATE
  • BODY-COMPOSITION
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • SUBSTRATE METABOLISM
  • THYROID-FUNCTION
  • FUEL METABOLISM
  • GESTATIONAL-AGE
  • ACCELEROMETRY
  • PREDICTOR

Cite this