Alcohol use among Dutch adolescents is a serious problem. Dual process models of addiction state that both implicit and explicit cognitive processes influence (early) adolescent drinking behavior. Where implicit cognitive processes represent more automatic associative motivational processes, explicit cognitive processes are related to more deliberate thought processes. The relationship between alcohol-related cognition and adolescent alcohol use is assumed to be moderated by other factors, such as executive functioning and motivation. This implicates that different intervention methods might be effective for different subgroups of at-risk adolescents. The present paper discusses the current state of affairs in intervention research from a dual process perspective.