Double optical spring enhancement for gravitational-wave detectors

H. Rehbein*, H. Muller-Ebhardt, K. Somiya, S.L. Danilishin, R. Schnabel, K. Danzmann, Y. Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Currently planned second-generation gravitational-wave laser interferometers such as Advanced LIGO exploit the extensively investigated signal-recycling technique. Candidate Advanced LIGO configurations are usually designed to have two resonances within the detection band, around which the sensitivity is enhanced: a stable optical resonance and an unstable optomechanical resonance-which is upshifted from the pendulum frequency due to the so-called optical-spring effect. As an alternative to a feedback control system, we propose an all-optical stabilization scheme, in which a second optical spring is employed, and the test mass is trapped by a stable ponderomotive potential well induced by two carrier light fields whose detunings have opposite signs. The double optical spring also brings additional flexibility in reshaping the noise spectral density and optimizing toward specific gravitational-wave sources. The presented scheme can be extended easily to a multi-optical-spring system that allows further optimization.
Original languageEnglish
Article number062003
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2008
Externally publishedYes




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