Donepezil and the alpha-7 agonist PHA 568487, but not risperidone, ameliorate spatial memory deficits in a subchronic MK-801 mouse modet of cognitive impairment in schizophrenia

Stoyo Karamihalev, Jos Prickaerts*, Nick P. van Goethem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia (CIAS) is an important etiological feature of this disorder with implications for symptom severity and quality of life. Acute N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) blockade using MK-801, a non-competitive antagonist to NMDARs, is assumed to produce temporary cognitive impairments in mice similar to those seen in schizophrenia patients. Less is known, however, about the effects of subchronic MK-801 administration on cognition. In the current study, twenty-eight male C57/BL6 mice received a daily dose of MK-801 (0.1 mg/kg, i.p.) for seven days. Spatial memory was assessed using an object location task prior to MK-801 administration as well as at multiple time points after the treatment. Subchronic treatment with MK-801 caused lasting memory deficits, which were ameliorated by acute doses of an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (donepezil) and an alpha-7 nicotinic agonist (PHA 568487), but were unaffected by acute administration of the atypical antipsychotic risperidone. Subchronic administration of MK-801 may lend this pharmaceutical model increased face validity, while its resemblance to prodromal schizophrenia makes it suitable for screening new CIAS treatments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-251
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume272
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014

Keywords

  • Alpha-7 agonist
  • Donepezil
  • Memory
  • Risperidone
  • Schizophrenia
  • Subchronic MK-801

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