Does smoke-free legislation and smoking outside bars increase feelings of stigmatization among smokers? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey

Gera E. Nagelhout*, Marc C. Willemsen, Winifred A. Gebhardt, Bas van den Putte, Sara C. Hitchman, Matty R. Crone, Geoffrey T. Fong, Sander van der Heiden, Hein de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

This study examined whether smokers' perceived level of stigmatization changed after the implementation of smoke-free hospitality industry legislation and whether smokers who smoked outside bars reported more perceived stigmatization. Longitudinal data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey was used, involving a nationally representative sample of 1447 smokers aged 15 years and older. Whether smoke-free legislation increases smokers' perceived stigmatization depends on how smokers feel about smoking outside. The level of perceived stigmatization did not change after the implementation of smoke-free hospitality industry legislation in the Netherlands, possibly because most Dutch smokers do not feel negatively judged when smoking outside.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1436-1440
JournalHealth & Place
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Stigmatization
  • Public policy
  • Smoking
  • The Netherlands

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