Disruption of the FasL/Fas axis protects against inflammation-derived tumorigenesis in chronic liver disease

Francisco Javier Cubero*, Marius Maximilian Woitok, Miguel E. Zoubek, Alain de Bruin, Maximilian Hatting, Christian Trautwein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Fas Ligand (FasL) and Fas (APO-1/CD95) are members of the TNFR superfamily and may trigger apoptosis. Here, we aimed to elucidate the functional role of Fas signaling in an experimental model of chronic liver disease, the hepatocyte-specific NEMO knockout (NEMO Delta hepa) mice. We generated NEMO Delta hepa/Fas(lpr) mice, while NEMO.hepa, NEMOf/f as well as Fas(lpr) animals were used as controls, and characterized their phenotype during liver disease progression. Liver damage was evaluated by serum transaminases, histological, immunofluorescence procedures, and biochemical and molecular biology techniques. Proteins were detected by western Blot, expression of mRNA by RTPCR, and infiltration of inflammatory cells was determined by FACs analysis, respectively. Fas(lpr) mutation in NEMO Delta hepa mice resulted in overall decreased liver injury, enhanced hepatocyte survival, and reduced proliferation at 8 weeks of age compared with NEMO Delta hepa mice. Moreover, NEMO Delta hepa/Fas(lpr) animals elicited significantly decreased parameters of liver fibrosis, such as Collagen IA1, MMP2, and TIMP1, and reduced proinflammatory macrophages and cytokine expression. At 52 weeks of age, NEMO Delta hepa/Fas(lpr) exhibited less malignant growth as evidenced by reduced HCC burden associated with a significantly decreased number of nodules and LW/BW ratio and decreased myeloid populations. Deletion of TNFR1 further reduced tumor load of 52-weeks-old NEMO Delta hepa/Fas(lpr) mice. The functionality of FasL/Fas might affect inflammation-driven tumorigenesis in an experimental model of chronic liver disease. These results help to develop alternative therapeutic approaches and extend the limitations of tumor therapy against HCC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalCell Death & Disease
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • HEPATOCELLULAR-CARCINOMA
  • DEATH RECEPTORS
  • FAS RECEPTOR
  • MICE
  • APOPTOSIS
  • EXPRESSION
  • CELLS
  • HEPATITIS
  • MECHANISM
  • NECROSIS

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