Disability and employment - overview and highlights

Katharina Vornholt*, Patrizia Villotti, Beate Muschalla, Jana Bauer, Adrienne Colella, Fred Zijlstra, Gemma Van Ruitenbeek, Sjir Uitdewilligen, Marc Corbiere

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

84 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Due to the expected decline in the working-age population, especially in European countries, people with disabilities are now more often recognized as a valuable resource in the workforce and research into disability and employment is more important than ever. This paper outlines the state of affairs of research on disability and employment. We thereby focus on one particular group of people with disabilities, that is to say people with mental disabilities. We define disability according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization, by that recognizing that disability results from the interaction of person and environment. Key issues, including the complexity of defining disability, the legal situation in Europe and North America concerning disability at work, and barriers and enablers to employment, are discussed. For each of the topics we show important findings in the existing literature and indicate where more in-depth research is needed. We finalize with a concrete research agenda on disability and employment and provide recommendations for practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-55
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Disability
  • ICF
  • employment
  • mental disorders
  • stigmatization
  • work ability
  • STIGMATIZING ATTITUDES
  • SEVERE MENTAL ILLNESSES
  • COMPETITIVE EMPLOYMENT
  • GENERAL-POPULATION
  • EMPLOYEES
  • DISCLOSURE
  • WORKPLACE
  • WORK ACCOMMODATIONS
  • PEOPLE
  • JOB FIT STEREOTYPES

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