Diagnostic urinary tract infection (UTI) studies have primarily been performed among female patients.
To create a diagnostic algorithm for male general practice patients suspected of UTI.
Design and setting:
Surveillance study in the Dutch Sentinel General Practice Network.
Clinical information and dipstick results were collected from 603 patients. Algorithm-predicted care was compared with care as usual in terms of sensitivity (antibiotic recommended when UTI was confirmed) and specificity (no antibiotic recommended when no UTI was observed).
Complete information was available from 490/603 (81 %) males, of whom 66 % (321/490) had a UTI. A diagnostic algorithm recommending antimicrobial prescription in the case of a positive nitrite test or a positive leukocyte esterase test in males aged >= 60 years, had a positive predictive value (PPV) of 83 % (95 % confidence interval [CI] = 78 to 87) and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 60 % (95 % CI = 52 to 66), respectively (area under the ROC curve: 0.78, 95 % CI = 0.74 to 0.82). When both dipstick results were positive in males aged >= 60 years, PPV increased to 90 % (95 % CI = 83 to 94), whereas NPV was highest in males >= 60 years with negative dipstick results (71 %, 95 % CI = 59 to 81). Sensitivity and specificity of predicted UTI care and usual care did not differ (75 % versus 79 %, P = 0.30, and 70 % versus 63 %, P = 0.17, respectively).
UTI care provided to Dutch male GP patients is as accurate as predicted care from a diagnostic algorithm. The studied clinical information and dipstick tests are useful for ruling in UTI in males, but have limited value in ruling out this diagnosis.
- CLINICAL SCORES
- ACUTE CYSTITIS