Determinants of agreement between proposed therapeutic windows of platelet function tests in vulnerable patients

Minka J. A. Vries*, Heleen J. Bouman, Renske H. Olie, Leo F. Veenstra, Suzanne Zwaveling, Paul W. M. Verhezen, Arina J. ten Cate-Hoek, Hugo ten Cate, Yvonne M. C. Henskens, Paola E. J. van der Meijden

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Aims Therapeutic windows for residual platelet reactivity in patients with coronary artery disease on P2Y12 inhibitors were proposed in a consensus document. We aimed to explore the level of agreement between windows for different platelet function tests (PFTs) used to classify patients in low, optimal, and high on-treatment platelet reactivity categories, and to identify variables contributing to the level of agreement.

Methods and results In this explorative clinical study, the VerifyNow P2Y12, Multiplate adenosine diphosphate (ADP), and light transmission aggregometry (LTA) 20 mu mol/L ADP were performed simultaneously in 145 consecutive vulnerable patients. Measurements were performed within 6 months of percutaneous intervention. Patients were considered vulnerable if they had >= 2 risk factors for bleeding or ischaemic events. Window-agreement between PFT pairs was slight to moderate. Multiplate-VerifyNow agreed in 72 patients (50%), kappa = 0.41; VerifyNow-LTA agreed in 76 patients (52%), kappa = 0.36; and LTA-Multiplate agreed in 64 patients (44%), kappa = 0.20. Several variables including the type of P2Y12 inhibitor, aspirin, haemoglobin level, platelet count, age, and previous stroke significantly influenced agreement between PFTs.

Conclusions Our results suggest that the PFTs, with accompanying therapeutic windows, are not interchangeable when determining the response to antiplatelet therapy in vulnerable coronary artery disease patients on P2Y12 inhibitors. Hence, the type of PFT can directly affect the treatment strategy, which may be especially relevant for patients with multiple factors influencing individual PFTs and thereby test agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-17
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Heart Journal-Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • P2Y12 inhibitors
  • Platelet reactivity test
  • Concordance
  • Influencing factors
  • PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION
  • LIGHT TRANSMISSION AGGREGOMETRY
  • ANTIPLATELET THERAPY
  • VERIFYNOW P2Y12
  • ADENOSINE-DIPHOSPHATE
  • MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
  • CLOPIDOGREL
  • REACTIVITY
  • ASSAYS
  • INHIBITION

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