Delay of natural bone loss by higher intakes of specific minerals and vitamins.

A. Schaafsma, P. de Vries, W.H.M. Saris

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Abstract

: Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2001 May;41(4):225-49 Related Articles, Books, LinkOut


Delay of natural bone loss by higher intakes of specific minerals and vitamins.

Schaafsma A, de Vries PJ, Saris WH.

Friesland Coberco Dairy Foods, Dep. of Research & Development Leeuwarden, The Netherlands. a.schaafsma@fdf.nl

For early prevention or inhibition of postmenopausal and age-related bone loss, nutritional interventions might be a first choice. For some vitamins and minerals an important role in bone metabolism is known or suggested. Calcium and vitamin D support bone mineral density and are basic components in most preventive strategies. Magnesium is involved in a number of activities supporting bone strength, preservation, and remodeling. Fluorine and strontium have bone-forming effects. However, high amounts of both elements may reduce bone strength. Boron is especially effective in case of vitamin D, magnesium, and potassium deficiency. Vitamin K is essential for the activation of osteocalcin. Vitamin C is an important stimulus for osteoblast-derived proteins. Increasing the recommended amounts (US RDA 1989), adequate intakes (US DRI 1997), or assumed normal intakes of mentioned food components may lead to a considerable reduction or even prevention of bone loss, especially in late postmenopausal women and the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-249
Number of pages25
JournalCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

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