CT-based radiomic signature predicts distant metastasis in lung adenocarcinoma

Thibaud P. Coroller*, Patrick Grossmann, Ying Hou, Emmanuel Rios Velazquez, Ralph T. H. Leijenaar, Gretchen Hermann, Philippe Lambin, Benjamin Haibe-Kains, Raymond H. Mak, Hugo J. W. L. Aerts

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background and purpose: Radiomics provides opportunities to quantify the tumor phenotype non-invasively by applying a large number of quantitative imaging features. This study evaluates computed-tomography (CT) radiomic features for their capability to predict distant metastasis (DM) for lung adenocarcinoma patients. Material and methods: We included two datasets: 98 patients for discovery and 84 for validation. The phenotype of the primary tumor was quantified on pre-treatment CT-scans using 635 radiomic features. Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate radiomics performance using the concordance index (CI). Results: Thirty-five radiomic features were found to be prognostic (CI > 0.60, FDR <5%) for DM and twelve for survival. It is noteworthy that tumor volume was only moderately prognostic for DM (CI = 0.55, p-value = 2.77 x 10(-5)) in the discovery cohort. A radiomic-signature had strong power for predicting DM in the independent validation dataset (CI = 0.61, p-value = 1.79 x 10(-17)). Adding this radiomic-signature to a clinical model resulted in a significant improvement of predicting DM in the validation dataset (p-value = 1.56 x 10(-11)). Conclusions: Although only basic metrics are routinely quantified, this study shows that radiomic features capturing detailed information of the tumor phenotype can be used as a prognostic biomarker for clinically-relevant factors such as DM. Moreover, the radiomic-signature provided additional information to clinical data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-350
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume114
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Radiomics
  • Lung adenocarcinoma
  • NSCLC
  • Quantitative imaging
  • Biomarkers
  • Distant metastasis

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