Cross-sectional associations between multiple lifestyle behaviours and excellent well-being in Australian adults

Vuokko Haapasalo, Hein de Vries, Corneel Vandelanotte, Richard R. Rosenkranz, Mitch J. Duncan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Research into associations between lifestyle behaviours and health has largely focused on morbidity, mortality and disease prevention. Greater focus is needed to examine relationships between lifestyle behaviours and positive health outcomes such as well-being. This study aims to examine the associations between multiple lifestyle behaviours and excellent well-being. Participants (n = 6788) were adults in the member database of the 10,000 Steps Australia project who were asked to participate in an online survey in November-December 2016. Wellbeing (WHO-5) Smoking, dietary behaviour, alcohol consumption, physical activity, sitting time, sleep duration, and sleep quality were assessed by self-report. Logistic regression analyses were used to examine relationships between excellent well-being (top quintile) and the individual lifestyle behaviours and also a lifestyle behaviour index (the number of lower-risk behaviours performed). Lower-risk dietary behaviour (OR = 1.29, 95% CI: 1.10-1.51), physical activity (OR = 1.90, 95% CI: 1.48-2.42), sitting time (OR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.26-1.69), sleep duration (OR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.32-1.75) and higher sleep quality (OR = 2.98, 95% CI: 2.55-3.48) were positively associated with excellent well-being, after adjusting for socio-demographics, chronic disease, depression, anxiety and all other lifestyle behaviours. Engaging in a higher number of lower risk lifestyle behaviours was positively associated with excellent well-being. These results highlight the need for multiple lifestyle behaviour interventions to improve and maintain higher well-being.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-125
Number of pages7
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Multiple lifestyle behaviours
  • Wellbeing
  • Physical activity
  • Sleep
  • Diet
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • SELF-RATED HEALTH
  • ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
  • SITTING-TIME
  • SLEEP DURATION
  • DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • DIET QUALITY
  • RISK-FACTORS

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