Crediting animals in scientific literature: Recognition in addition to Replacement, Reduction, & Refinement [4R]

Thomas C. Erren*, J. Valerie Gross, Ursula Wild, Philip Lewis, David M. Shaw

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialAcademicpeer-review


Animals are crucial for biomedical research, but rarely receive credit, let alone authorship—with a few exceptions. To better acknowledge their important role, the 3R approach could be expanded by “Recognition”. [Image: see text]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-20
Number of pages3
JournalEmbo Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

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