Comparison of Linear versus Circular-Stapled Gastroenterostomy in Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study

M.M. Romeijn*, S. van Hoef, L. Janssen, K.G.H. van de Pas, F.M.H. van Dielen, A.A.P.M. Luijten, K.W.A. Gottgens, J.W.M. Greve, W.K.G. Leclercq

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background When performing a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), the gastroenterostomy can be constructed with a circular stapled or linear stapled technique. The size of the gastroenterostomy depends on the stapling method and this may affect weight loss outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of the stapling technique on weight loss outcomes after RYGB.Methods This is a nationwide population-based cohort study of patients that received a RYGB. Data were derived from the Dutch Audit of Treatment of Obesity. Primary outcome was the impact of stapling technique on the rate of non-response defined as significant weight regain (>= 20% of a patients' lost weight) 2-4 years post-surgery, after initial successful weight loss (>= 20% total weight loss, TWL). Secondary outcomes were the rate of response, defined as successful weight loss (>= 20% TWL) within 1.5 years post-surgery, the incidence of complications and the progression of comorbidities.Results In a cohort of 12,468 patients, non-response was equally distributed between both groups (circular 18.0% vs. linear 17.6%). No differences in response rate (circular 97.0% vs. linear 96.5%) or %TWL were observed up to 4 years post-surgery. Patients in the circular stapled group experienced more complications, specifically major bleedings (2.4% vs. 1.2%; p=0.002) within 30 days postoperatively. No differences were found in deteriorated comorbidities, neither in de novo developed comorbidities.Conclusion When comparing stapling technique in RYGB, weight loss outcomes did not differ during a 4-year follow-up period. The linear stapled gastroenterostomy could pose an advantage due to its lower complication rate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3579-3587
Number of pages9
JournalObesity Surgery
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021


  • Bariatric surgery
  • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
  • Stapled gastroenterostomy
  • Non-response
  • Weight regain


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