Clinical and Pathologic Characteristics of Serous Carcinoma Confined to the Endometrium: A Multi-institutional Study

Assaad Semaan, Ismail Mert, Adnan R. Munkarah, Sudeshna Bandyopadhyay, Haider S. Mahdi, Ira S. Winer, Marisa R. Nucci, Yaser Hussein, Faisal Quershi, Kinda Hayek, Farah Tabassum, Baraa Alosh, Daniel S. Schultz, Michele L. Cote, Koen K. Van de Vijver, Robert T. Morris, Esther Oliva, Rouba Ali-Fehmi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical and pathologic factors in patients with uterine serous carcinoma confined to the endometrium. A total of 236 uterine serous carcinoma patients from the pathology databases of 4 large academic institutions were included in the study. Clinical and pathologic variables were analyzed, including patient demographics, tumor size (?2 vs. >2 cm), myometrial invasion, lymphovascular invasion, lymph node status, tumor location (endometrium vs. polyp), cervical involvement, lower uterine segment involvement, FIGO stage, pelvic washings, recurrence, overall survival, and progression-free survival. Of 236 patients, 55 (23%) had tumors limited to the endometrium. Forty-four patients (80%) had Stage IA tumors. The tumor was confined to a polyp in 17 (30.9%) patients. Twenty patients (36.4%) had tumor sizes >2 cm and 12 (21.8%) exhibited lymphovascular invasion. Only 3 patients (5.4 %) had cervical stromal involvement. Thirty-three (66%) patients underwent pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy with 2 positive para-aortic lymph nodes identified. Seven (12.7%) patients had positive washings, whereas 8 patients (14.5 %) had disease recurrence. At a median follow-up of 46 months, there was no difference in overall survival (P = 0.216) or progression-free survival (P=0.063) between patients with tumors confined to a polyp, patients with tumors confined to the endometrium, and patients with tumors present in both polyp and the endometrium. Uterine serous carcinoma with only endometrial involvement, even when confined to a polyp, can be associated with poor prognosis, further stressing the importance of complete surgical staging and adjuvant treatment in this setting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-187
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Serous endometrial cancer
  • Endometrial polyp
  • No myometrial invasion

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