INTRODUCTION: The concentration of dialysate calcium (dCa) has been suggested to affect vascular calcification, but evidence is scarce. Calcification propensity reflects the intrinsic capacity of serum to prevent calcium and phosphate to precipitate. The use of citric-acid dialysate may have a beneficial effect on the calcification propensity due to the chelating effect on calcium and magnesium. The aim of this study was to compare the intradialytic and short-term effects of haemodialysis with either standard acetic-acid dialysate with dCa1.50 (A1.5) or dCa1.25 (A1.25), as well as citric-acid dialysate with dCa1.50 (C1.5) in bicarbonate dialysis on the calcification propensity of serum.
METHODS: Chronic stable hemodialysis patients were included. This multicenter randomized cross-over study consisted out of a baseline week (A1.5), followed by the randomized sequence of A1.25 or C1.5 for one week after which the alternate treatment was provided after a washout week with A1.5. Calcification propensity of serum was assessed by time-resolved nephelometry where the T50 reflects the transition time between formation of primary and secondary calciprotein particles.
RESULTS: Eighteen patients (median age 70 years) completed the study. Intradialytic change in T50 was increased with C1.5 (121 [90-152]min) compared to A1.25 (83 [43-108]min, p<0.001) and A1.5 (66 [18-102]min, p<0.001). During the treatment week, predialysis T50 increased significantly from the first to the third session with C1.5 (271 [234-291] to 280 [262-339]min, p = 0.002) and with A1.25 (274 [213-308] to 307 [256-337]min, p<0.001), but not with A1.5 (284 [235-346] to 300 [247-335]min, p = 0.33).
CONCLUSION: Calcification propensity, as measured by the change in T50, improved significantly during treatment in C1.5 compared to A1.25 and A1.5. Long-term studies are needed to investigate the effects of different dialysate compositions concentrations on vascular calcification and bone mineral disorders.
- PATIENTS RECEIVING HEMODIALYSIS
- STAGE RENAL-DISEASE
- ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY
- MAINTENANCE HEMODIALYSIS
- CALCIUM CONCENTRATIONS
- CITRATE DIALYSATE