Chorioamnionitis as a Risk Factor for Necrotizing Enterocolitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Jasper V. Been*, Sanne Lievense, Luc J. I. Zimmermann, Boris W. Kramer, Tim G. A. M. Wolfs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objective To accumulate available evidence regarding the association between antenatal inflammation and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Study design A systematic literature search was performed using Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Knowledge, and reference hand searches. Human studies published in English that reported associations between chorioamnionitis or other indicators of antenatal inflammation and NEC were eligible. Relevant associations were extracted and reported. Studies reporting associations between histological chorioamnionitis (HC) and NEC, HC with fetal involvement and NEC, and clinical chorioamnionitis and NEC were pooled in separate meta-analyses. Results A total of 33 relevant studies were identified. Clinical chorioamnionitis was significantly associated with NEC (12 studies; n = 22 601; OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.01-1.52; P = .04; I-2 = 12%), but the association between HC and NEC was not statistically significant (13 studies; n = 5889; OR, 1.39; 95% CI, 0.95-2.04; P = .09; I-2 = 49%). However, HC with fetal involvement was highly associated with NEC (3 studies; n = 1640; OR, 3.29; 95% CI, 1.87-5.78; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-242
JournalThe Journal of Pediatrics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013


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