Can Ghana Afford the Sustainable Development Goal on Education?

Victor Osei Kwadwo*, Obaa Akua Konadu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


There was much euphoria and enthusiasm surrounding the advent of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015, but there was little empirical evidence regarding how much would be required of countries to achieve the goals. This article contributes to filling this gap by estimating what Ghana needs in fiscal terms to achieve SDG 4: Quality Education. The article estimated an education gap, which indicates the difference between what pertains to education indicators in Ghana and what SDG 4 sets to achieve. Further, the fiscal capacity needed to address the gap was estimated while taking cognisance of the nation's education budget and fiscal space from tax revenues. The results indicated that Ghana is inefficient in its allocation of education resources.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-197
Number of pages21
JournalAfrica Education Review
Issue number2
Early online date23 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2020


  • education
  • fiscal capacity
  • sustainable development goal
  • Ghana


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