Business and human rights governance and democratic legitimacy: the UN "Protect, Respect and Remedy" Framework

Stephanie Bijlmakers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Web of Science)


Global corporate social responsibility schemes have assumed an authoritative role in today's diversifying global business and human rights governance regime, yet scholarship has paid scant attention to their democratic credentials. This article analyzes the democratic legitimacy of the un “protect, respect and remedy” framework and the corresponding guiding principles, as developed by the former un special representative for business and human rights, professor ruggie. Applying de búrca's democracy striving approach, the article provides insights into how the design and actual performance of the six year mandate of the special representative meet the democratic ideal of equality, participation and accountability. The findings hold that, to guarantee the continuant striving for the fullest and equal participation of all stakeholders, further steps are warranted to ensure that individuals from the global south can equally and meaningfully partake in the implementation process of the guiding principles and contest their authority if deeming them to fail to meet the normative expectations of the people.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-301
JournalInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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