Blunt Thoracic Aortic Injury in Case of a 15-Year-Old Boy: Difficulties and Possibilities of the Endovascular Approach

Alexander Gombert, M. E. Barbati, Jochen Grommes, Houman Jalaie, Karina Schleimer, Michael Jacobs, Johannes Kalder

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Blunt thoracic aortic injuries (BTAIs) are rare but life threatening. Most BTAI are caused by high-energy trauma. Among children with blunt trauma, the incidence of BTAI is below 1 percent. The present case deals with covered thoracic aortic rupture of a 15-year-old boy. Emphasizing the value and the difficulties of endovascular surgery in children is the motivation for this case report.We are presenting the case of a 15-year-old boy, who suffered multiple traumata after accident. Beneath multiple fractures and a liver laceration, a thoracic aortic rupture with pseudoaneurysm of the aortic wall was diagnosed. Owing to the comorbidities, an endovascular therapy in combination with a transposition of the left subclavian artery to the common carotid artery was performed. The chronological line-up of the events and the endovascular treatment as well as the in-hospital follow-up are described.Injury-induced BTAI in pubescent children rarely occurs. Only few cases can be found in literature, none of which were associated with the presented pattern of injury.The optimal treatment for childhood BTAI is a case-by-case decision. We critically discuss the value of endovascular therapy in the present case.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228.e15–228.e19
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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