Atezolizumab for First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

M. A. Socinski, R. M. Jotte, F. Cappuzzo, F. Orlandi, D. Stroyakovskiy, N. Nogami, D. Rodriguez-Abreu, D. Moro-Sibilot, C. A. Thomas, F. Barlesi, G. Finley, C. Kelsch, A. Lee, S. Coleman, Y. Deng, Y. Shen, M. Kowanetz, A. Lopez-Chavez, A. Sandler, M. Reck*IMpower150 Study Group, Anne-Marie Dingemans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1749 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The cancer-cell-killing property of atezolizumab may be enhanced by the blockade of vascular endothelial growth factor-mediated immunosuppression with bevacizumab. This open-label, phase 3 study evaluated atezolizumab plus bevacizumab plus chemotherapy in patients with metastatic nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had not previously received chemotherapy.

METHODS

We randomly assigned patients to receive atezolizumab plus carboplatin plus paclitaxel (ACP), bevacizumab plus carboplatin plus paclitaxel (BCP), or atezolizumab plus BCP (ABCP) every 3 weeks for four or six cycles, followed by maintenance therapy with atezolizumab, bevacizumab, or both. The two primary end points were investigator-assessed progression-free survival both among patients in the intention-to-treat population who had a wild-type genotype (WT population; patients with EGFR or ALK genetic alterations were excluded) and among patients in the WT population who had high expression of an effector T-cell (Teff) gene signature in the tumor (Teff-high WT population) and overall survival in the WT population. The ABCP group was compared with the BCP group before the ACP group was compared with the BCP group.

RESULTS

In the WT population, 356 patients were assigned to the ABCP group, and 336 to the BCP group. The median progression-free survival was longer in the ABCP group than in the BCP group (8.3 months vs. 6.8 months; hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.52 to 0.74; P

CONCLUSIONS

The addition of atezolizumab to bevacizumab plus chemotherapy significantly improved progression-free survival and overall survival among patients with metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC, regardless of PD-L1 expression and EGFR or ALK genetic alteration status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2288-2301
Number of pages14
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume378
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • PHASE-III TRIAL
  • OPEN-LABEL
  • CANCER
  • BEVACIZUMAB
  • THERAPY
  • DOCETAXEL
  • ANTIBODY
  • CELLS
  • CHEMOTHERAPY
  • MULTICENTER

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