Assessment of Endothelin-A Receptor Expression in Subcutaneous and Orthotopic Thyroid Carcinoma Xenografts in Vivo Employing Optical Imaging Methods

Katrin Buether, Matthijs G. Compeer, Jo G. R. De Mey, Otmar Schober, Michael Schaefers, Christoph Bremer, Burkhard Riemann, Carsten Hoeltke*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Endothelin (ET) receptor dysregulation has been described in a number of pathophysiological processes, including cardiovascular disorders, renal failure, and cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of the ET-A receptor (ETAR) in murine models of thyroid carcinoma using optical imaging methods. A recently developed near-infrared fluorescent tracer was first assessed in isolated artery preparations for its functional performance in comparison with known ETAR antagonists BQ123 and PD156707. Before evaluation of the tracer in vivo, different thyroid carcinoma cell lines were characterized with respect to their ET receptor expression by RT-PCR and autoradiography. In vivo, sc and orthotopic papillary thyroid tumor xenografts were clearly visualized by fluorescence reflectance imaging and fluorescence-mediated tomography up to 48 h after injection of the tracer. Binding specificity of the probe was demonstrated by predosing with PD156707 as a competing inhibitor. In conclusion, optical imaging with a fluorescent ETAR tracer allows the noninvasive imaging of tumor-associated ETAR expression in vivo. In the future, this technique may help surgeons to evaluate lesion dimensions in intraoperative settings (e.g. thyroidectomy). (Endocrinology 153: 2907-2918, 2012)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2907-2918
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

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