Article 13 EC: Mere Rhetoric or a Harbinger of Change?

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Since the signing of the Treaty on European Union in Maastricht in 1992, calls have gradually been increasing for a greater recognition of, and firmer foundation for, fundamental (social) rights within the European Union. These calls naturally became louder following the Opinion of the European Court of Justice excluding the possibility of EC accession to the European Convention of Human Rights and during the lead up to the Amsterdam Intergovernmental Conference. Academics, independent EU Advisory Committees, groups representing the interests of EU citizens and residents and the European Parliament lamented the almost complete absence of fundamental social rights in the Treaty, and called for an ambitious revision of the Treaty. To a large extent these calls went unheard in Amsterdam, and the new Treaty does not incorporate a comprehensive list of social fundamental rights.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies
Editors Dashwood, Ward
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherHart Publishing
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999

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