Suckling 'F/A2' mice, which overexpress arginase-I in their enterocytes, develop a syndrome (hypoargininemia, reduced hair and muscle growth, impaired B-cell maturation) that resembles IGF1 deficiency. The syndrome may result from an impaired function of the GH-IGF1-axis, activation of the stress-kinase GCN2, and/or blocking of the mTORC1-signaling pathway. Arginine deficiency inhibited GH secretion and decreased liver Igf1 mRNA and plasma IGF1 concentration, but did not change muscle IGF1 concentration. GH supplementation induced Igf1 mRNA synthesis, but did not restore growth, ruling out direct involvement of the GH-IGF1 axis. In C2C12 muscle cells, arginine withdrawal activated GCN2 signaling, without impacting mTORC1 signaling. In F/A2 mice, the reduction of plasma and tissue arginine concentrations to ~25% of wild-type values activated GCN2 signaling, but mTORC1-mediated signaling remained unaffected. Gcn2-deficient F/A2 mice suffered from hypoglycemia and died shortly after birth. Since common targets of all stress kinases (eIF2alpha phosphorylation, Chop mRNA expression) were not increased in these mice, the effects of arginine deficiency were solely mediated by GCN2.
- TRANSLATIONAL CONTROL
- SIGNALING PATHWAY
- MOUSE INTESTINE
Marion, V., Sankaranarayanan, S., de Theije, C. C., van Dijk, P. J., Lindsey, P. J., Lamers, M. C., Harding, H. P., Ron, D., Lamers, W. H., & Köhler, S. E. (2011). Arginine deficiency causes runting in the suckling period by selectively activating the stress kinase GCN2. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(11), 8866-8874. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.216119