Aqueous cytokine levels in four common uveitis entities

Jing Xu, Yang Qin, Rui Chang, Handan Tan, Qingfeng Wang, Guannan Su, Qingfeng Cao, Aize Kijlstra, Peizeng Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


To investigate aqueous cytokine profiles in acute anterior uveitis (AAU), Fuchs' syndrome, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease and Behcet's disease (BD), we assayed the concentrations of 17 cytokines by multiplex immunoassay in aqueous humor (AqH) collected during cataract surgery from 24 AAU, 29 Fuchs' syndrome, 29 VKH disease, 30 BD and 30 senile cataract control patients. Aqueous cytokine levels were compared between the five groups and analysed by logistic regression. Cytokine levels were then compared between uveitis patients who underwent cataract surgery within 3 months and those who underwent this surgery more than 3 months after complete control of intraocular inflammation. The results showed that aqueous levels of interferon (IFN)-gamma, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1 beta and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha levels in AqH from patients with Fuchs' syndrome were significantly higher than those in the other four groups. Using multivariate analysis, MIP-1 beta was found to be significantly associated with Fuchs' syndrome. There was no difference in aqueous cytokine levels between cases having cataract surgery within 3 months compared to those after 3 months of complete control of their intraocular inflammation. The current study shows that Chinese patients with Fuchs' syndrome appear to have a specific cytokine profile. MIP-1 beta is an important chemokine in the intraocular environment of Fuchs' syndrome. Aqueous cytokine profiles support the performance of cataract surgery in uveitis within 3 months after intraocular inflammation control.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106021
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Immunopharmacology
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


  • Fuchs' syndrome
  • MIP-1 beta
  • Cataract
  • MIP-1-BETA


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