Antenatal maternal antidepressants drugs treatment affects S100B levels in maternal-fetal biological fluids in a dose dependent manner

V. Bellissima, G.H.A. Visser, T. Ververs, F. Pluchinotta, A. Varrica, E. Baryshnikova, L.G. Tina, F. Nigro, D. Gavilanes, J. Godos, D. Gazzolo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: The increased use of antidepressant treatment during pregnancy occurred without firm evidence on safety/efficacy. The present study investigated the correlation among S100B and paroxetine blood levels with the occurrence of short-term post-natal neurological abnormalities.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 50 pregnant women using paroxetine because of depression and in 150 controls. Standard laboratory parameters and S100B were measured at seven monitoring time-points (maternal blood: T1, 16-20 wks; T2, 27-30 wks; T3, 35-40 wks; T4, at delivery; amniotic fluid, T5; venous and arterial cord blood, T6-T7). Paroxetine levels were measured at T1-T6. Neurological outcome was set at 7th day from birth.Results: Higher S100B concentrations at T1-T7 were found in the paroxetine-treated group. S100B correlated with paroxetine blood levels. The paroxetine/S100B ratio cut-off of 1.31 at T2 achieved sensitivity 100%, specificity 96.5% and positive/negative predictive values 87.5-100, respectively, as a single marker to predict adverse neonatal neurological outcome.Conclusions: The present study offers additional support to the usefulness of longitudinal S100B and drug level monitoring in depressed pregnant women and in the early detection of cases at risk for short-term neurological abnormalities. Results open the way at further investigations correlating antidepressant drugs and neurobiomarkers in the maternal bloodstream.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-26
Number of pages7
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


  • amniotic-fluid
  • blood s100b
  • brain
  • circumference
  • cord blood
  • depression
  • fetus
  • gestational-age
  • newborn
  • pregnancy
  • protein
  • s100b
  • serotonin-reuptake inhibitors
  • ssri
  • supplementation
  • Brain
  • Fetus
  • S100B
  • Pregnancy
  • SSRI
  • Newborn
  • BLOOD S100B

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