Age dependency of EQ-5D-Youth health states valuations on a visual analogue scale

Jim G A Retra, Brigitte A B Essers*, Manuela A Joore, Silvia M A A Evers, Carmen D Dirksen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND: Examine whether the use of different ages has an impact on the valuation of EQ-5D-Y health states for a hypothetical child or adolescent.

METHODS: A survey was administered during regular classes among a convenience sample of university students in the Netherlands. Respondents first valued 6 EQ-5D-Y health states (2 mild, 2 moderate, 2 severe) describing a hypothetical child/adolescent of a certain age on a visual analogue scale (VAS). After 1 h respondents valued the same six health states again but this time the age of the child was different. Age differed between 4, 10 and 16 year old.

RESULTS: Number of respondents was 311. No significant differences in valuation of the six health states were found between the age of 10 and 16. One moderate health state was valued significantly better for a 4-year old compared to a 10 and a 16 year old. The same applied for one severe health state that was valued higher for a 4-year old compared to a 16-year old.

CONCLUSION: Our study shows that, except for one moderate and one severe health state, other EQ-5D-Y health states were not valued significantly different when description of age differed. It is possible that problems in specific health domains are considered more severe for older children/adolescents compared to younger children who might still be dependent on their caregivers. Future research should examine whether our findings are also present in a broader set of EQ-5D-Y health states, with a choice-based method like TTO or DCE, and a more heterogeneous sample.

Original languageEnglish
Article number386
Number of pages6
JournalHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2020


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Pain Measurement/methods
  • Quality of Life
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Visual Analog Scale
  • Young Adult
  • EQ-5D
  • Health state valuation
  • LIFE
  • EQ-5D-Y

Cite this