The present study examined whether activity energy expenditure related to body mass (AEE/kg) is associated with maximal aerobic fitness (VO(2max)), energy balance, and body mass index (BMI) during the 2 hardest weeks of the military basic training season (BT). An additional purpose was to study the accuracy of the pre-filled food diary energy intake. Energy expenditure (EE) with doubly labeled water, energy intake (EI), energy balance, and mis-recording was measured from 24 male conscripts with varying VO(2max). AEE/kg was calculated as (EE x 0.9-measured basal metabolic rate)/body mass. The reported EI was lower (P<0.001) than EE (15.48 MJ/day) and mis-recording of the pre-filled diary was -20%. The negative energy balance (-6+/-26%) was non-significant; however, the variation was high. The subjects with a low VO(2max), a high BMI, and a negative energy balance were vulnerable to low AEE/kg. However, in the multivariate regression analysis only BMI remained in the model, explaining 33% of the variation in AEE/kg. During wintertime BT, AEE/kg is affected by energy balance, VO(2max), and BMI. From these three factors, overweight limits high-level training the most. Furthermore, an optimal energy balance facilitates physical performance and enables high training loads to be sustained during the BT season.
|Journal||Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2009|
Tanskanen, M., Uusitalo, A. L., Hakkinen, K., Nissila, J., Santtila, M., Westerterp, K. R., & Kyrolainen, H. (2009). Aerobic fitness, energy balance, and body mass index are associated with training load assessed by activity energy expenditure. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 19, 871-878. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2008.00857.x