Added value of MRI to endoscopic and endosonographic response assessment after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in oesophageal cancer

Sophie E. Vollenbrock*, Jolanda M. van Dieren, Francine E. M. Voncken, Sietze T. van Turenhout, Liudmila L. Kodach, Koen J. Hartemink, Johanna W. van Sandick, Berthe M. P. Aleman, Regina G. H. Beets-Tan, Annemarieke Bartels-Rutten

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objectives In order to select oesophageal cancer patients after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for organ-preserving treatment instead of surgery, a high diagnostic accuracy is required. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether MRI had additional value to gastroscopy with biopsies and endosonographic ultrasound (EUS) with fine needle aspiration (FNA) for the detection of residual tumour after nCRT. Methods Twenty-two patients with oesophageal cancer eligible for nCRT followed by oesophagectomy were prospectively included. All patients underwent (T2- and diffusion-weighted) MRI and gastroscopy+EUS before and after nCRT. Histopathology after oesophagectomy was the reference standard with pathological complete response (pCR) defined as ypT0N0. Diagnostic performance regarding the detection of residual tumour was calculated for gastroscopic biopsies and for EUS-FNA without and with MRI. Results Nineteen of the 22 patients (86%) did not achieve pCR after nCRT (7 ypT+N+, 11 ypT+N0, 1 ypT0N+). Biopsies detected residual tumour in 6 of 18 ypT+ patients. After adding MRI, 16 of 18 residual tumours were assessed correctly. EUS-FNA detected 3 out of 8 ypN+ patients, while MRI did not improve detection. Overall, adding MRI improved sensitivity for detection of residual tumour to 89% (17 of 19) from 47% (9 of 19) with endoscopic biopsies and EUS-FNA only. Conclusion In this small study, the detection of residual tumour after nCRT in oesophageal cancer patients was improved by the addition of MRI to gastroscopy and EUS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2425-2434
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Radiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


  • Oesophageal neoplasms
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Gastroscopy
  • PET

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