Acute Hospital Admissions Because of Health Care-Related Adverse Events: A Retrospective Study of 5 Specialist Departments

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Health care-related adverse events (HCRAEs), which should not be confused with (blameworthy) medical errors, are common; they can lead to hospital admissions and can have grave consequences. Although they are sometimes potentially preventable, information is lacking on HCRAEs leading to admission to different departments. AIM: This study aimed to gain insight into the incidence, type, severity, and preventability of HCRAEs (including adverse drug events) leading to hospitalization to the departments of internal medicine, surgery, orthopedics, neurology, and neurosurgery. Further, we explore if there are differences regarding these HCRAEs between these departments. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of all patients admitted through the emergency department (ED) in a 6-month period to the departments of internal medicine, surgery, orthopedics, neurology, and neurosurgery. All patients admitted because of HCRAEs were included. RESULTS: More than one-fifth (21.8%; range 12.0%-47.8%) of all admissions to the 5 departments were due to a HCRAE. Half (49.9%) of these HCRAEs were medication-related and 30.5% were procedure-related. In 6.5% of patients, the HCRAE led to permanent disability and another 4.4% of patients died during hospitalization. HCRAEs treated by internists and neurologists were usually medication-related, whereas HCRAEs treated by surgeons, orthopedic surgeons, and neurosurgeons were usually procedure-related. CONCLUSION: Hospital admissions to different departments are often caused by HCRAEs, which sometimes lead to permanent disability or even death. Gaining insight into similarities and differences in HCRAEs occurring in different specialties is a starting point for improving clinical outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1055-1061
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Volume16
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Adverse events
  • adverse drug reactions/events
  • acute admissions
  • the Netherlands
  • POSTDURAL PUNCTURE HEADACHE
  • CHARLSON COMORBIDITY INDEX
  • DRUG-REACTIONS
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE
  • EMERGENCY-DEPARTMENT
  • COMPLICATIONS
  • NETHERLANDS
  • READMISSION
  • INFECTIONS

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