Acute Effects of Inorganic Nitrate Intake on Brachial and Femoral Flow-Mediated Vasodilation, and on Carotid Artery Reactivity Responses: Results of a Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Cross-Over Study in Abdominally Obese Men

Ellen T H C Smeets, Ronald P Mensink, Jordi P D Kleinloog, Peter J Joris*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Most trials on the effects of inorganic nitrate intake have focused on only one specific aspect of the endothelial cell response to a stimulus, thereby possibly missing other important effects. The aim of the present randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled cross-over study was therefore to investigate in eighteen healthy abdominally obese men (18-60 years, waist circumference ≥ 102 cm) acute effects of potassium nitrate on brachial and femoral flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD), and on carotid artery reactivity (CAR) to a cold pressure test. Participants received in random order a drink providing 10 mmol potassium nitrate (i.e., 625 mg of nitrate) or an iso-molar placebo drink with potassium chloride. Fasted and 4 h post-drink FMD and blood pressure measurements were performed. CAR responses were assessed at 4 h. Circulating nitrate plus nitrite concentration increased following nitrate intake (p = 0.003). Compared with placebo, potassium nitrate did not affect brachial (mean [95% confidence interval]: -0.2% [-2.5, 2.1], p = 0.86) and femoral FMD responses (-0.6% [-3.0; 1.7], p = 0.54). CAR responses were also not different (-0.8% [-2.5, 0.9], p = 0.32). Finally, changes in blood pressure and heart rate did not differ. No adverse events were observed. In conclusion, this trial did not provide evidence for effects of a single dose of inorganic nitrate on 4 h vascular endothelial function in abdominally obese men.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3560
Number of pages12
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2022


  • Carotid Arteries
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Endothelium, Vascular
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nitrates
  • Nitrogen Oxides
  • Obesity
  • Vasodilation

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