Access flow volume (Qa) and survival in a haemodialysis population: An analysis of 5208 Qa measurements over a 9-year period

Reshabh Yadav*, Michael W M Gerrickens, Sander M J van Kuijk, Roel H D Vaes, Maarten G J Snoeijs, Marc R M Scheltinga

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background The aim of this study was to determine associations between characteristics of arteriovenous access (AVA) flow volume (Qa; mL/min) and 4-year freedom from cardiovascular mortality (CVM) in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods HD patients who received a primary AVA between January 2010 and December 2017 in one centre were analysed. Initial Qa was defined as the first Qa value obtained in a well-functioning AVA by a two-needle dilution technique. Actual Qa was defined as access flow at a random point in time. Changes in actual Qa were expressed per 3-month period. CVM was assessed according to the European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association classification. The optimal cut-off point for initial Qa was identified by a receiver operating characteristics curve. A joint modelling statistical technique determined longitudinal associations between Qa characteristics and 4-year CVM. Results A total of 5208 Qa measurements (165 patients; 103 male, age 70 +/- 12 years, autologous AVA n = 146, graft n = 19) were analysed. During follow-up (December 2010-January 2018, median 36 months), 79 patients (48%) died. An initial Qa = 900 mL/min (87 +/- 4%; P < 0.001). An association between increases in actual Qa per 3-month period and mortality was found [HR 4.48/100 mL/min (95% CI 1.44-13.97), P = 0.010], indicating that patients demonstrating increasing Qa were more likely to die. In contrast, actual Qa per se was not related to survival. Conclusions Studying novel AVA Qa characteristics may contribute to understanding excess CVM in HD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1751-1757
Number of pages7
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Issue number9
Early online date12 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2022


  • access flow
  • end-stage renal disease
  • haemodialysis
  • survival
  • RISK

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