A vegetable/fruit concentrate with high antioxidant capacity has no effect on biomarkers of antioxidant status in male smokers.

R. van den Berg, T. van Vliet, W.M.R. Broekmans, N.H.P. Cnubben, W.H.J. Vaes, L. Roza, G.R.M.M. Haenen, A. Bast, H. van den Berg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

J Nutr 2001 Jun;131(6):1714-22 Related Articles, Books, LinkOut


A vegetable/fruit concentrate with high antioxidant capacity has no effect on biomarkers of antioxidant status in male smokers.

van den Berg R, van Vliet T, Broekmans WM, Cnubben NH, Vaes WH, Roza L, Haenen GR, Bast A, van den Berg H.

TNO Nutrition and Food Research, 3700 AJ Zeist, the Netherlands. R.vandenBerg@voeding.tno.nl

The potential benefits of a high fruit and vegetable intake on the antioxidant status and on relevant biomarkers of oxidative damage to lipids, proteins and DNA and on (functional) markers of oxidative stress were evaluated. A randomized, free living, open placebo-controlled cross-over trial of 3 wk, with a 2-wk washout period between treatments, was performed in a group of 22 male smokers with a relatively low vegetable and fruit intake using a vegetable burger and fruit drink. The vegetable burger and fruit drink increased serum levels of vitamin C, alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin and zeaxanthin and plasma total antioxidant capacity. However, no effects were demonstrated on any marker of oxidative damage to lipids (malondialdehyde F(2)-isoprostane) proteins (carbonyls) and DNA (Comet assay) and (functional) markers of oxidative stress (reduced/oxidized glutathione ratio, glutathione-S-transferase alpha, glutathione-S-transferase pi and nuclear transcription factor-kappaB). Apparently, these increased levels of antioxidants in serum were not sufficiently high to show beneficial changes with the selected biomarkers. Alternatively, oxidative stress in male smokers with a relatively low fruit and vegetable intake might have been still too low to demonstrate a beneficial effect of antioxidants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1714-1722
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume131
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

Cite this