A Novel PRNP Y218N Mutation in Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker Disease With Neurofibrillary Degeneration

Ainhoa Alzualde*, Begona Indakoetxea, Isidre Ferrer, Fermin Moreno, Myriam Barandiaran, Ana Gorostidi, Ainara Estanga, Irune Ruiz, Miguel Calero, Fred W. van Leeuwen, Begona Atares, Ramon Juste, Ana Belen Rodriguez-Martinez, Adolfo Lopez de Munain

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker (GSS) disease is a prion disease associated with prion protein gene (PRNP) mutations. We report a novel PRNP mutation (Y218N) associated with GSS disease in a pathologically confirmed case and in two other affected family members. The clinical features of these cases met criteria for possible Alzheimer disease and possible frontotemporal dementia. Neuropathologic analysis revealed deposition of proteinase K-resistant prion protein (PrP(res)), widespread hyperphosphorylated tau pathology, abnormal accumulation of mitochondria in the vicinity of PrP(res) deposits, and expression of mutant ubiquitin (UBB(+1)) in neurofibrillary tangles and dystrophic neurites. Prion protein immunoblotting using 3F4 and 1E4 antibodies disclosed multiple bands ranging from approximately 20 kd to 80 kd and lower bands of 15 kd and approximately 10 kd, the latter only seen after a long incubation. These bands were partially resistant to proteinase K pretreatment. This pattern differs from those seen in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and resembles those reported in other GSS cases. The approximately 10 kd band was recognized with anti-PrP C-terminus antibodies but not with anti-N terminus antibodies, suggesting PrP truncation at the N terminal. This new mutation extends the list of known mutations responsible for GSS disease and reinforces its clinical heterogeneity. Genetic examination of the PRNP gene should be included in the workup of patients with poorly classifiable dementia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-800
JournalJournal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Volume69
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker
  • Hyperphosphorylated tau
  • Neurofibrillary tangles
  • Prion disease
  • PRNP 218

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