A new treatment for reliable functional and esthetic outcome after local facial flap reconstruction: a transparent polycarbonate facial mask with silicone sheeting

Sander B. Kant*, Patrick I. Ferdinandus, Eric Van den Kerckhove, Carlo Colla, Rene R. W. J. Van der Hulst, Andrzej A. Piatkowski de Grzymala, Stefania M. H. Tuinder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background Facial flap surgery predominantly leads to good functional results. However, in some cases, it can cause unsatisfactory esthetic results. They include persistent erythema, pincushioning, and development of hypertrophic scars. Conservative, reliable treatment for facial flaps is lacking. Pressure and silicone therapy have proven to result in significant improvement in scar erythema, pliability, and thickness in postburn hypertrophic scars. By combining these therapies in a facial mask, the esthetic outcome of facial flaps could be improved. In this retrospective study, the efficacy of a unique transparent face mask containing silicone sheets on the esthetic outcome of postsurgical facial flaps is assessed.

Methods Twenty-one patients were assigned to facial pressure mask therapy after they underwent facial flap surgery between July 2012 and September 2015. Patients were treated for a mean duration of 46 weeks. The effects of pressure mask therapy were examined by means of the Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS).

Results All POSAS components showed a reduction between start and end of therapy, while itchiness, pigmentation, pliability, thickness, and relief of the flap improved significantly (P <0.05). Mean total and patient score showed significant reduction between start and end of therapy.

Conclusions This study shows that a facial pressure mask layered with silicone results in noticeable flap improvement with a long-lasting result.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-416
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Plastic Surgery
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Facial flap reconstruction
  • Pressure mask
  • Silicones
  • PRESSURE GARMENT THERAPY
  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • SCAR ASSESSMENT SCALE
  • HYPERTROPHIC SCARS
  • FOREHEAD FLAP
  • MANAGEMENT
  • COMPLICATIONS
  • PREVENTION
  • EFFICACY
  • DEFECTS

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