A Focus Group Study to Explore Risky Ridership among Young Motorcyclists in Manipal, India

Kumar Sumit*, K. Brijs, V. Ross, G. Wets, R.A.C. Ruiter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Road crash injuries have emerged as a significant public health issue in many low and middle-income countries in recent years. In India, motorized two-wheelers comprise 70% of the vehicle population and are considered the most vulnerable road users. Road crash injury is common among the young-aged population leading to premature deaths. It is essential to understand risky riding behaviors to develop accurate, evidence-based risk reduction programmes that fit the target population's characteristics and the intervention setting. The current study aims to improve the understanding of the typical characteristics of motorcycle crashes among young riders in India, primarily focusing on the prevalence and role of risky riding behaviors. Five focus group discussions with eight to ten participants in each group (N = 35) were conducted in Manipal, in the Karnataka state of Southwestern India. A thematic analysis was completed using MAXQDA software to identify, analyze, and report on themes within the data. Speeding, riding under the influence of alcohol, and the poor maintenance of motorcycles were indicated as leading causes of crashes. Furthermore, using mobile phones while riding, violations of the traffic rules, and helmet non-use were identified as other risky behaviors among young riders. Future research can be taken up in other settings for the target population. Generational awareness with the involvement of young riders, government authorities, university officials, and the Regional Transport Office can be initiated. Engaging young riders, government authorities, university officials, and the Regional Transport Office through behavioral interventions such as persuasive communication techniques, an active experimental approach (such as the use of a simulator), and regulating the licensing procedure can reduce the number of road crashes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number40
Number of pages27
JournalSafety
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • focus group discussions
  • Manipal
  • motorcycle
  • risky riding
  • road crashes
  • young riders
  • ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS
  • HELMET USE
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS
  • BEHAVIOR-QUESTIONNAIRE
  • INCOME COUNTRIES
  • EXTENDED THEORY
  • SAFETY
  • PERCEPTIONS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • ATTITUDES

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