A Control Systems Approach to Quantify Wall Shear Stress Normalization by Flow-Mediated Dilation in the Brachial Artery

F.C.G. van Bussel, B.C.T. van Bussel, A.P.G. Hoeks, J. op 't Roodt, R.M.A. Henry, I. Ferreira, F.H.M. Vanmolkot, C.G. Schalkwijk, C.D.A. Stehouwer, K.D. Reesink

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Abstract

Flow-mediated dilation is aimed at normalization of local wall shear stress under varying blood flow conditions. Blood flow velocity and vessel diameter are continuous and opposing influences that modulate wall shear stress. We derived an index FMDv to quantify wall shear stress normalization performance by flow-mediated dilation in the brachial artery. In 22 fasting presumed healthy men, we first assessed intra-and inter-session reproducibilities of two indices pFMD(v) and mFMD(v), which consider the relative peak and relative mean hyperemic change in flow velocity, respectively. Second, utilizing oral glucose loading, we evaluated the tracking performance of both FMDv indices, in comparison with existing indices [i.e., the relative peak diameter increase (%FMD), the peak to baseline diameter ratio (D-peak/D-base), and the relative peak diameter increase normalized to the full area under the curve of blood flow velocity with hyperemia (FMD/shear(AUC)) or with area integrated to peak hyperemia (FMD/shear(AUC_peak))]. Inter-session and intra-session reproducibilities for pFMD(v), mFMD(v) and %FMD were comparable (intra-class correlation coefficients within 0.521-0.677 range). Both pFMD(v) and mFMD(v) showed more clearly a reduction after glucose loading (reduction of similar to 45%, p = 0.074); D-peak/D-base (similar to 11%, p >= 0.074); FMD/shear(AUC_peak) (similar to 20%, p >= 0.016) and FMD/shear(AUC) (similar to 38%, p

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0115977
Number of pages19
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Feb 2015

Keywords

  • ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT VASODILATION
  • ULTRASOUND ASSESSMENT
  • ACUTE HYPERGLYCEMIA
  • REPRODUCIBILITY
  • HUMANS
  • DYSFUNCTION
  • AGREEMENT
  • RESPONSES
  • IMPAIRS
  • IMPACT

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