A comparative analysis on the social determinants of COVID-19 vaccination coverage in fragile and conflict affected settings (FCS) and non- fragile and conflict affected settings

S. Pattanshetty*, M. Pardesi, N. Gudi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has coerced various resources of all the countries. While the high-income nations redirected financial and human resources to understand specific determinants of vaccination coverage, fragile and conflict-affected setting (FCS) nations were waiting for global bodies to cater to their ever-growing need for vaccines and other lifesaving drugs. This study aimed to determine various factors influencing vaccine coverage in the FCS context. Methods: World Bank’s classification of FCS states was the primary source for country classification. The study utilized data from various other open sources. The study models cross-country inequities in COVID-19 vaccine coverage and we have employed multi-variate log-linear regressions to understand the relationship between COVID-19 vaccine coverage and cross-country macro-level determinants. The analysis was conducted on two samples, non-FCS Countries and the FCS countries. Results: Socio-economic determinants such as gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, socioeconomic resilience; health system determinants such as density of human resources, government spending on health expenditure; and political determinants such as effective government, more power to regional governments, political stability and absence of violence play a pivotal role in vaccine coverage. We also found that FCS countries with a higher share of people strongly believing in the vaccine effectiveness have a positive association with COVID-19 vaccine coverage. Conclusion: The study confirmed that political factors, government effectiveness and political stability are also important determinants of vaccine coverage. The result further draws attention to few policy implications such as promoting future research to explore the linkages between the perceived equality before the law and individual liberty and its effect on vaccination coverage in the FCS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Health Policy and Management
Volume12
Issue number1
Early online date7 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Equity
  • Fragile and Conflict
  • Social determinants of Health
  • Vaccine coverage
  • DISEASE OUTBREAK
  • POLITICS
  • TRENDS

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