Research output

Top-down modulation of visual and auditory cortical processing in aging

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Standard

Top-down modulation of visual and auditory cortical processing in aging. / Guerreiro, M.J.S.; Eck, J.; Moerel, M.; Evers, E.A.T.; van Gerven, P.W.M.

In: Behavioural Brain Research, Vol. 278, 01.01.2014, p. 226-234.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{7a7bc42297a14a9fa45d96b8906e618e,
title = "Top-down modulation of visual and auditory cortical processing in aging",
abstract = "Age-related cognitive decline has been accounted for by an age-related deficit in top-down attentional modulation of sensory cortical processing. In light of recent behavioral findings showing that age-related differences in selective attention are modality dependent, our goal was to investigate the role of sensory modality in age-related differences in top-down modulation of sensory cortical processing. This question was addressed by testing younger and older individuals in several memory tasks while undergoing fMRI. Throughout these tasks, perceptual features were kept constant while attentional instructions were varied, allowing us to devise all combinations of relevant and irrelevant, visual and auditory information. We found no top-down modulation of auditory sensory cortical processing in either age group. In contrast, we found top-down modulation of visual cortical processing in both age groups, and this effect did not differ between age groups. That is, older adults enhanced cortical processing of relevant visual information and suppressed cortical processing of visual distractors during auditory attention to the same extent as younger adults. The present results indicate that older adults are capable of suppressing irrelevant visual information in the context of cross-modal auditory attention, and thereby challenge the view that age-related attentional and cognitive decline is due to a general deficits in the ability to suppress irrelevant information.",
author = "M.J.S. Guerreiro and J. Eck and M. Moerel and E.A.T. Evers and {van Gerven}, P.W.M.",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.bbr.2014.09.049",
language = "English",
volume = "278",
pages = "226--234",
journal = "Behavioural Brain Research",
issn = "0166-4328",
publisher = "Elsevier Science",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Top-down modulation of visual and auditory cortical processing in aging

AU - Guerreiro, M.J.S.

AU - Eck, J.

AU - Moerel, M.

AU - Evers, E.A.T.

AU - van Gerven, P.W.M.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Age-related cognitive decline has been accounted for by an age-related deficit in top-down attentional modulation of sensory cortical processing. In light of recent behavioral findings showing that age-related differences in selective attention are modality dependent, our goal was to investigate the role of sensory modality in age-related differences in top-down modulation of sensory cortical processing. This question was addressed by testing younger and older individuals in several memory tasks while undergoing fMRI. Throughout these tasks, perceptual features were kept constant while attentional instructions were varied, allowing us to devise all combinations of relevant and irrelevant, visual and auditory information. We found no top-down modulation of auditory sensory cortical processing in either age group. In contrast, we found top-down modulation of visual cortical processing in both age groups, and this effect did not differ between age groups. That is, older adults enhanced cortical processing of relevant visual information and suppressed cortical processing of visual distractors during auditory attention to the same extent as younger adults. The present results indicate that older adults are capable of suppressing irrelevant visual information in the context of cross-modal auditory attention, and thereby challenge the view that age-related attentional and cognitive decline is due to a general deficits in the ability to suppress irrelevant information.

AB - Age-related cognitive decline has been accounted for by an age-related deficit in top-down attentional modulation of sensory cortical processing. In light of recent behavioral findings showing that age-related differences in selective attention are modality dependent, our goal was to investigate the role of sensory modality in age-related differences in top-down modulation of sensory cortical processing. This question was addressed by testing younger and older individuals in several memory tasks while undergoing fMRI. Throughout these tasks, perceptual features were kept constant while attentional instructions were varied, allowing us to devise all combinations of relevant and irrelevant, visual and auditory information. We found no top-down modulation of auditory sensory cortical processing in either age group. In contrast, we found top-down modulation of visual cortical processing in both age groups, and this effect did not differ between age groups. That is, older adults enhanced cortical processing of relevant visual information and suppressed cortical processing of visual distractors during auditory attention to the same extent as younger adults. The present results indicate that older adults are capable of suppressing irrelevant visual information in the context of cross-modal auditory attention, and thereby challenge the view that age-related attentional and cognitive decline is due to a general deficits in the ability to suppress irrelevant information.

U2 - 10.1016/j.bbr.2014.09.049

DO - 10.1016/j.bbr.2014.09.049

M3 - Article

VL - 278

SP - 226

EP - 234

JO - Behavioural Brain Research

T2 - Behavioural Brain Research

JF - Behavioural Brain Research

SN - 0166-4328

ER -