Research output

Standing on one shoulder: citation bias in the epidemiological literature

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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Standing on one shoulder : citation bias in the epidemiological literature. / Duyx, Bram.

Maastricht : ProefschriftMaken Maastricht, 2019.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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@phdthesis{11b3538a57804c4183b9937a2b13d0d6,
title = "Standing on one shoulder: citation bias in the epidemiological literature",
abstract = "Newton once wrote: “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.” Science can make progress by building on earlier research. Citation analyses can show which research is being built on. If only positive studies that confirm a hypothesis are quoted, and negative studies that undermine the same hypothesis are ignored, we experience citation bias. This bias can lead to the development of knowledge being distorted, unnecessary research being carried out and incorrect decisions being made. This dissertation investigated whether there is selective quoting within the epidemiological literature, and specifically whether there is citation bias. This appears to be the case; in particular, positive studies seem to prefer to cite other positive studies, while negative studies have no publications for positive or negative studies.",
keywords = "distortion, tunnel vision, Bias, citations, Citation bias, falsification, knowledge development, hygiene hypothesis, diesel emissions, swimming in chlorinated water",
author = "Bram Duyx",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.26481/dis.20190417bd",
language = "English",
isbn = "9789463803021",
publisher = "ProefschriftMaken Maastricht",
address = "Netherlands",
school = "Maastricht University",

}

RIS

TY - THES

T1 - Standing on one shoulder

T2 - citation bias in the epidemiological literature

AU - Duyx, Bram

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Newton once wrote: “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.” Science can make progress by building on earlier research. Citation analyses can show which research is being built on. If only positive studies that confirm a hypothesis are quoted, and negative studies that undermine the same hypothesis are ignored, we experience citation bias. This bias can lead to the development of knowledge being distorted, unnecessary research being carried out and incorrect decisions being made. This dissertation investigated whether there is selective quoting within the epidemiological literature, and specifically whether there is citation bias. This appears to be the case; in particular, positive studies seem to prefer to cite other positive studies, while negative studies have no publications for positive or negative studies.

AB - Newton once wrote: “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.” Science can make progress by building on earlier research. Citation analyses can show which research is being built on. If only positive studies that confirm a hypothesis are quoted, and negative studies that undermine the same hypothesis are ignored, we experience citation bias. This bias can lead to the development of knowledge being distorted, unnecessary research being carried out and incorrect decisions being made. This dissertation investigated whether there is selective quoting within the epidemiological literature, and specifically whether there is citation bias. This appears to be the case; in particular, positive studies seem to prefer to cite other positive studies, while negative studies have no publications for positive or negative studies.

KW - distortion

KW - tunnel vision

KW - Bias

KW - citations

KW - Citation bias

KW - falsification

KW - knowledge development

KW - hygiene hypothesis

KW - diesel emissions

KW - swimming in chlorinated water

U2 - 10.26481/dis.20190417bd

DO - 10.26481/dis.20190417bd

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

SN - 9789463803021

PB - ProefschriftMaken Maastricht

CY - Maastricht

ER -