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Spotlights on Certification and farmers’ Welfare: crossing Boundaries in social scientific Research

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Social scientists have the freedom to adopt different methodological
approaches when researching development. This article illustrates how
four common social scientific methodologies (positivism, social
constructivism, action research, and normative political theory)
differently conceptualise the effects of sustainability certification on
Indonesian smallholder farmers. It shows that each approach results in
different insights, offering a web of information to practitioners. Better
understanding the different methodologies may help practitioners to
take position in dilemmas, not in a linear process of knowledge
accumulation, but in an iterative process of research consultation and

    Research areas

  • Methods, Environment (built and natural) - Agriculture, Civil society - Partnership, Governance and public policy, SUSTAINABILITY CERTIFICATION, COFFEE, IMPACT
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1078–1090
Number of pages13
JournalDevelopment in Practice
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2017