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Reduced automatic approach tendencies towards task-relevant and task-irrelevant food pictures in Anorexia Nervosa

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Reduced automatic approach tendencies towards task-relevant and task-irrelevant food pictures in Anorexia Nervosa. / Neimeijer, Renate A M; Roefs, Anne; Glashouwer, Klaske A; Jonker, Nienke C; de Jong, Peter J.

In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Vol. 65, 101496, 12.2019.

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@article{1681dd6970584081bdd77cf5642b564a,
title = "Reduced automatic approach tendencies towards task-relevant and task-irrelevant food pictures in Anorexia Nervosa",
abstract = "BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anorexia Nervosa (AN) patients are characterized by an excessive restriction of their food-intake. Prior research using an Affective Simon Task (AST) with food as a task-irrelevant feature, provided evidence for the view that AN patients' ability to refrain from food is facilitated by reduced automatic approach tendencies towards food. However, because food was task-irrelevant (i.e., participants had to base their reaction on the perspective of the picture and not on its content), the findings may in fact reflect a relatively strong ability to ignore the content of the food stimuli rather than weakened approach towards food per se. Therefore, this study also included a Stimulus Response Compatibility (SRC) task with food as task-relevant feature that could not be ignored, because the required response depended on the [food vs non-food] content of the pictures.METHODS: AN spectrum patients (n = 63), and a comparison group of adolescents without eating pathology (n = 57) completed both a SRC task with food as task-relevant feature, and an Affective Simon Task AST with food as task-irrelevant feature.RESULTS: AN patients showed reduced approach tendencies for high caloric food. Only the SRC uniquely predicted the presence of AN.LIMITATIONS: Comparison between tasks was hampered because the SRC only included high caloric food stimuli, whereas the AST included high and low caloric food stimuli.CONCLUSION: Patients with AN are characterized by weakened automatic approach of high caloric food. This might 'help' restrict their food-intake even in a condition of starvation.",
keywords = "AVOIDANCE, Anorexia nervosa, Approach bias, Approach tendencies, Avoidance, CHILDREN, EATING-DISORDERS, Food, HUNGER",
author = "Neimeijer, {Renate A M} and Anne Roefs and Glashouwer, {Klaske A} and Jonker, {Nienke C} and {de Jong}, {Peter J}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101496",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
journal = "Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry",
issn = "0005-7916",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reduced automatic approach tendencies towards task-relevant and task-irrelevant food pictures in Anorexia Nervosa

AU - Neimeijer, Renate A M

AU - Roefs, Anne

AU - Glashouwer, Klaske A

AU - Jonker, Nienke C

AU - de Jong, Peter J

N1 - Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anorexia Nervosa (AN) patients are characterized by an excessive restriction of their food-intake. Prior research using an Affective Simon Task (AST) with food as a task-irrelevant feature, provided evidence for the view that AN patients' ability to refrain from food is facilitated by reduced automatic approach tendencies towards food. However, because food was task-irrelevant (i.e., participants had to base their reaction on the perspective of the picture and not on its content), the findings may in fact reflect a relatively strong ability to ignore the content of the food stimuli rather than weakened approach towards food per se. Therefore, this study also included a Stimulus Response Compatibility (SRC) task with food as task-relevant feature that could not be ignored, because the required response depended on the [food vs non-food] content of the pictures.METHODS: AN spectrum patients (n = 63), and a comparison group of adolescents without eating pathology (n = 57) completed both a SRC task with food as task-relevant feature, and an Affective Simon Task AST with food as task-irrelevant feature.RESULTS: AN patients showed reduced approach tendencies for high caloric food. Only the SRC uniquely predicted the presence of AN.LIMITATIONS: Comparison between tasks was hampered because the SRC only included high caloric food stimuli, whereas the AST included high and low caloric food stimuli.CONCLUSION: Patients with AN are characterized by weakened automatic approach of high caloric food. This might 'help' restrict their food-intake even in a condition of starvation.

AB - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anorexia Nervosa (AN) patients are characterized by an excessive restriction of their food-intake. Prior research using an Affective Simon Task (AST) with food as a task-irrelevant feature, provided evidence for the view that AN patients' ability to refrain from food is facilitated by reduced automatic approach tendencies towards food. However, because food was task-irrelevant (i.e., participants had to base their reaction on the perspective of the picture and not on its content), the findings may in fact reflect a relatively strong ability to ignore the content of the food stimuli rather than weakened approach towards food per se. Therefore, this study also included a Stimulus Response Compatibility (SRC) task with food as task-relevant feature that could not be ignored, because the required response depended on the [food vs non-food] content of the pictures.METHODS: AN spectrum patients (n = 63), and a comparison group of adolescents without eating pathology (n = 57) completed both a SRC task with food as task-relevant feature, and an Affective Simon Task AST with food as task-irrelevant feature.RESULTS: AN patients showed reduced approach tendencies for high caloric food. Only the SRC uniquely predicted the presence of AN.LIMITATIONS: Comparison between tasks was hampered because the SRC only included high caloric food stimuli, whereas the AST included high and low caloric food stimuli.CONCLUSION: Patients with AN are characterized by weakened automatic approach of high caloric food. This might 'help' restrict their food-intake even in a condition of starvation.

KW - AVOIDANCE

KW - Anorexia nervosa

KW - Approach bias

KW - Approach tendencies

KW - Avoidance

KW - CHILDREN

KW - EATING-DISORDERS

KW - Food

KW - HUNGER

U2 - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101496

DO - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101496

M3 - Article

VL - 65

JO - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

T2 - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

SN - 0005-7916

M1 - 101496

ER -