Personality traits and personal values are important psychological characteristics, serving as important predictors of many\r\noutcomes. Yet, they are frequently studied separately, leaving the field with a limited understanding of their relationships.\r\nWe review existing perspectives regarding the nature of the relationships between traits and values and provide a conceptual\r\nunderpinning for understanding the strength of these relationships. Using 60 studies, we present a meta-analysis of the\r\nrelationships between the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality traits and the Schwartz values, and demonstrate consistent\r\nand theoretically meaningful relationships. However, these relationships were not generally large, demonstrating that traits\r\nand values are distinct constructs. We find support for our premise that more cognitively based traits are more strongly\r\nrelated to values and more emotionally based traits are less strongly related to values. Findings also suggest that controlling\r\nfor personal scale-use tendencies in values is advisable.
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- a major goal, advancing an integrative view, in current personality research, meta-analysis, of the person is, personal values, personality traits, see barenbaum, winter