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On-the-road driving performance the morning after bedtime use of suvorexant 15 and 30 mg in healthy elderly

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Abstract

Suvorexant is a first-in-class orexin receptor antagonist for treating insomnia. There is a general concern that hypnotics may impair next-morning driving ability.

The objective of this study was to evaluate next-morning driving performance in older adults after single and repeated doses of suvorexant.

Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 4-period crossover study in 24 healthy volunteers (10 females), aged 65-80 years. Subjects were treated with suvorexant (15 and 30 mg) for eight consecutive nights, zopiclone 7.5 mg nightly on days 1 and 8, and placebo. Driving performance was assessed on days 2 and 9 (9 h after dosing) using a 1-h standardized highway driving test in normal traffic, measuring standard deviation of lateral position (SDLP). Drug-placebo differences in SDLP > 2.4 cm were considered to reflect clinically meaningful driving impairment.

Driving performance as measured by SDLP was not impaired following suvorexant. Mean drug-placebo differences in SDLP following suvorexant 15 and 30 mg on day 2 and 9 were 0.6 cm or less. Their 90 % CIs were all below the threshold of 2.4 cm for clinical relevance and included zero, indicating effects were not clinically meaningful or statistically significant. Symmetry analysis showed no significant differences between the number of participants who had SDLP differences > 2.4 cm and those who had SDLP differences

There was no clinically meaningful residual effect of suvorexant 15 and 30 mg on next-morning driving (9 h after bedtime dosing) in healthy older adults, as assessed by mean changes in SDLP and by the number of participants on drug versus placebo that exceeded a predetermined threshold for clinically meaningful impairment.

    Research areas

  • Hypnotics, Suvorexant, Zopiclone, Orexin antagonist, Driving, Elderly, OREXIN RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST, ZOPICLONE 7.5 MG, PSYCHOMOTOR PERFORMANCE, PLACEBO, INSOMNIA, VOLUNTEERS, ALCOHOL, MEMORY, SLEEP, TRIAL

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3341–3351
Number of pages11
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume233
Issue number18
Early online date16 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016