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Night-time experiences and daytime dissociation: a path analysis modeling study

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Abstract

Dissociative symptoms may be the by-products of a labile sleep-wake cycle (Koffel and Watson, 2009a). This may help to explain why dissociation overlaps with fantasy proneness and cognitive failures. Using path analysis, we tested to what extent data gathered in a nonclinical, predominantly female sample (N=139) supported two conceptual models. The first model assumes that unusual sleep experiences increase fantasy proneness and cognitive failures, which in turn encourage trait dissociation and reports of trauma. The second model assumes that trauma leads to dissociative experiences both directly and through its influence on sleep. In this cross-sectional design, the data were reasonably well described by both models. Importantly, in both models, unusual sleep experiences serve as antecedents of trait dissociation. Our analysis underlines the importance of unusual sleep experiences and may inspire treatment intervention focusing on sleep normalization.

    Research areas

  • Dissociation, Sleep-wake cycle, Unusual sleep experiences, Fantasy proneness, Cognitive failures, POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER, SLEEP-RELATED EXPERIENCES, FANTASY PRONENESS, COGNITIVE FAILURES, CHILDHOOD TRAUMA, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, PREVALENCE, DISTRESS, IMPACT, ADULTS
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-241
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume216
Issue number2
Early online date7 Mar 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2014