The present study examined maternal religiosity as an underlying cultural factor in the effect of harsh physical parenting on child behavioral problems. Data was collected via a discipline observational task, religiosity-based vignettes, and a questionnaire in a group of 62 mothers and their children in slum areas in Yemen. Moderation and mediation models were tested, where the role of maternal religiosity as a predictor and a moderator in the association between harsh physical parenting and child behavioral problems was explored. Findings showed no direct association between harsh physical parenting, maternal religiosity, and child behavioral problems. However, maternal religiosity was found to significantly moderate the relationship between harsh physical parenting and child behavioral problems such that the positive association between harsh physical parenting and child behavior problems was stronger when parents were more religious. Implications of the moderating role of maternal religiosity on the association between harsh physical parenting and child behavioral problems are discussed.
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- harsh physical parenting, religiosity, Yemen, child behavioral problems, discipline, slums, video observation, CORPORAL PUNISHMENT, AFRICAN-AMERICAN, CONSERVATIVE PROTESTANTISM, DISCIPLINE, ADJUSTMENT, MALTREATMENT, MOTHERS, SPIRITUALITY, ASSOCIATIONS, STRENGTHS