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Manipulating memory associations changes decision-making preferences in a preconditioning task

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Manipulating memory associations changes decision-making preferences in a preconditioning task. / Wang, Jane; Otgaar, Henry; Smeets, Tom; Howe, Mark L; Zhou, Chu.

In: Consciousness and Cognition, Vol. 69, 03.2019, p. 103-112.

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@article{dc6d65f70dc343abbb679a693b356a55,
title = "Manipulating memory associations changes decision-making preferences in a preconditioning task",
abstract = "Memories of past experiences can guide our decisions. Thus, if memories are undermined or distorted, decision making should be affected. Nevertheless, little empirical research has been done to examine the role of memory in reinforcement decision-making. We hypothesized that if memories guide choices in a conditioning decision-making task, then manipulating these memories would result in a change of decision preferences to gain reward. We manipulated participants' memories by providing false feedback that their memory associations were wrong before they made decisions that could lead them to win money. Participants' memory ratings decreased significantly after receiving false feedback. More importantly, we found that false feedback led participants' decision bias to disappear after their memory associations were undermined. Our results suggest that reinforcement decision-making can be altered by false feedback on memories. The results are discussed using memory mechanisms such as spreading activation theories.",
author = "Jane Wang and Henry Otgaar and Tom Smeets and Howe, {Mark L} and Chu Zhou",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.016",
language = "English",
volume = "69",
pages = "103--112",
journal = "Consciousness and Cognition",
issn = "1053-8100",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Manipulating memory associations changes decision-making preferences in a preconditioning task

AU - Wang, Jane

AU - Otgaar, Henry

AU - Smeets, Tom

AU - Howe, Mark L

AU - Zhou, Chu

N1 - Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2019/3

Y1 - 2019/3

N2 - Memories of past experiences can guide our decisions. Thus, if memories are undermined or distorted, decision making should be affected. Nevertheless, little empirical research has been done to examine the role of memory in reinforcement decision-making. We hypothesized that if memories guide choices in a conditioning decision-making task, then manipulating these memories would result in a change of decision preferences to gain reward. We manipulated participants' memories by providing false feedback that their memory associations were wrong before they made decisions that could lead them to win money. Participants' memory ratings decreased significantly after receiving false feedback. More importantly, we found that false feedback led participants' decision bias to disappear after their memory associations were undermined. Our results suggest that reinforcement decision-making can be altered by false feedback on memories. The results are discussed using memory mechanisms such as spreading activation theories.

AB - Memories of past experiences can guide our decisions. Thus, if memories are undermined or distorted, decision making should be affected. Nevertheless, little empirical research has been done to examine the role of memory in reinforcement decision-making. We hypothesized that if memories guide choices in a conditioning decision-making task, then manipulating these memories would result in a change of decision preferences to gain reward. We manipulated participants' memories by providing false feedback that their memory associations were wrong before they made decisions that could lead them to win money. Participants' memory ratings decreased significantly after receiving false feedback. More importantly, we found that false feedback led participants' decision bias to disappear after their memory associations were undermined. Our results suggest that reinforcement decision-making can be altered by false feedback on memories. The results are discussed using memory mechanisms such as spreading activation theories.

U2 - 10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.016

DO - 10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.016

M3 - Article

VL - 69

SP - 103

EP - 112

JO - Consciousness and Cognition

T2 - Consciousness and Cognition

JF - Consciousness and Cognition

SN - 1053-8100

ER -